Scientific article about Agricultural

Application of Drone Technology in Crop Fertilization


An industry of value, Agriculture sets the livelihood of 65% of the population of India, directly or indirectly. Heightening this growth factor has become ever-so-crucial to generate more revenue, income, and employment. The dynamic and speedy nature of technology brings convenience and advancement to its applied industries. Drone technology and the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in such applications has brought about incremental progress, saving time and cost.

As a part of the agricultural industry, drones are being employed for various operations in aerial surveillance, mapping, land inspection, monitoring, spraying fertilizers, checking for diseased or rotting crops, and much more. The diverse kinds of drones are being tested to determine the most creative space in agriculture, horticulture, and farming. For crop fertilization, drones such as quadcopters prove to be the most favorable owing to their multi-rotors. Fixed-wing drones suit the purpose of crop fertilization, albeit their large structure requiring a large space for take-off and landing comes in the way.


2.Fertilizer Spraying

One of the most critical uses of drones in agriculture is its flexibility to move around in swift motions and maneuver to the destined locations. This ability of drones helps spray fertilizers and insecticides to nurture crops and provide them with the needed nutrients. Such reinforcements allow crops to be healthy and flourishing. The drone operators are free to monitor the drone spraying fertilizers that keep insects, pests, and worms away and increase crop life longevity.


3.Soil Health Monitoring

The robust capabilities of drones help in the primitive operation of analyzing soil health. In essence, UAVs collect and process data received from monitoring that can help check, control, and maintain the soil’s health and nature. Drone technology can also provide the essential nutrients to the soil to improve their health and well-being. Through its operations of 3D mapping and data processing, drones achieve this operation of analyzing soil health.


4.Seeding Process

By its virtue, agriculture is a highly cumbersome and exhaustive industry because it requires skillful abilities to perform its operations. Seeding, especially, requires manual labor as it is a time-consuming procedure. To ease this tiring process, drone technology is employed to sow the seeds of copious varieties of crops. As instilled in drones, the lasers, sensors, tanks, etc., allow them to quickly yet smoothly plant seeds.


5.Analyzing Deficiencies

Another incredible merit of adopting drones for crop fertilization comes with their feature to analyze, identify, and survey the crops for any deficiencies. Their high-resolution cameras and sensors, additionally instilled with lasers, help to perform these operations quickly. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles can also map these deficiencies in real-time, and the data collected and processed can be used to make further determinations regarding the crops.


6.Drones For Crop Fertilization

In its entirety, drones and their applications have helped ease the cumbersome process attributed to crop fertilization. Their enterprising and potent nature helps farmers a great deal with bountiful tasks and operations.

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